The USSR Once Had Big Aircraft Carrier Dreams

National Interest:
Ulyanovsk: The USSR Had Big Aircraft Carrier Dreams 

But this dream never hit the water for many different reasons. 

In the late 1960s, the Soviet shipbuilding industry began to develop its first nuclear-powered aircraft cruiser. Project 1160 Orel (“Eagle”) was a nuclear-powered supercarrier with a displacement of around 80,000 tons. Orel would have featured steam catapults, carrying as many as seventy aircraft. 

In line with the Soviet concept of a “heavy aviation cruiser,” the proposed supercarrier would have differed from its western counterparts with a robust onboard arsenal of sixteen P-700 Granit anti-ship cruise missiles. By the early 1970s, the project was abandoned due to cost concerns and succeeded by the smaller and much less ambitious Kiev class of conventionally powered carriers. 

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WNU Editor: There is a Russian Navy plan to build a 100,000 ton super carrier .... Navy Mystery: Why Doesn't Russia Go Aircraft Carrier Crazy? (National Interest). But they are not going to build it. The manufacturing infrastructure is not there, nor the funds to build supporting ships, aircraft, and maintenance requirements.